Moses and Joshua in the Tabernacle. Circa 1896-1902.
James Jacques Joseph Tissot.
(ASV) The American Standard Version of the Holy Bible. First published in 1901 by Thomas Nelson & Son.
(Darby) (DBY) The Holy Scriptures: A New Translation from the Original Languages by J. N. Darby. Kingston Bible Trust, Rear of Wembley Avenue, Lancing, Sussex, BN15 9LX, England. Bible Truth Publishers, PO Box 649, Addison, IL 60101 USA.
The introduction to the Darby 1890 German version states: "In the issue of this translation, the purpose is not to offer to the man of letters a learned work, but rather to provide the simple and unlearned reader with as exact a translation as possible."
(JPS) The Holy Scriptures According To The Masoretic Text, A New Translation. With the aid of Previous Versions and with constant consultation of Jewish Authorities, Philadelphia. The Jewish Publication Society of America, © Copyright 1917, By The Jewish Publication Society of America.
(NASB) The New American Standard Bible ®. Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; all rights reserved. Used by permission of The Lockman Foundation.
(NIV) New International Version; Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version ®. NIV ®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984; all rights reserved, by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan.
(NJPS) The Jewish Study Bible. Jewish Publication Society Tanakh Translation, © Copyright 1985, 1999. The Jewish Study Bible; Adele Berlin and Marc Zvi Brettler, editors; Michael Fishbane consulting editor; Oxford University Press, © Copyright 2004, New York, New York.
(NKJV) The Holy Bible, New King James Version. © Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson Incorporated.
(RSV) Revised Standard Version of the Bible, © Copyright 1952 [2nd edition, 1971]; all rights reserved. Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. New York, NY. Used by permission.
(YLT) Young's Literal Translation is from the 1898 translation by Robert Young. Published by Baker Book House, Grand Rapids Michigan. An extremely literal translation that attempts to preserve the tense and word usage as found in the original Greek and Hebrew manuscripts.
The Kebra Nagast. ("Book of the Glory of Kings."), Translated from the Ethiopic by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, M.A., LITT.D., D.LITT., LIT.D. F.S.A., Oxford University Press, London, 1932.
The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament R.H. Charles; Oxford: The Clarendon Press.
The Book of Enoch translated by R.H. Charles, London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1917.
Adam Clarke's Bible Commentary, published in 1832 in 8 volumes.
Easton's Bible Dictionary, by Matthew George Easton, M.A., D.D. (1823-1894) published in 1897 by Thomas Nelson & Sons.
References marked Edersheim's Bible History are from The Bible History, Old Testament by Alfred Edersheim. Originally published 1876-1887 in seven volumes.
Fitzmyer, J. 1966. The Genesis Apocryphon Of Qumran Cave I. Pontifical Biblical Institute: pgs. 1-164.
Hitchcock's Bible Names, An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names, condensed from Hitchcock's New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible by Rev. Roswell D. Hitchcock, D.D., LL.D, published by A.J. Johnson & Sons, New York, circa 1880.
The Jewish Encyclopedia, 12 Volumes, Published by Funk & Wagnalls Company, New York, 1901-1906.
Martinez, F.G. 1994. The Dead sea scrolls translated: The Qumran text in English. E.J. Brill Leiden New York: pgs. 230-237.
The Mishnah: A New Translation by Jacob Neusner. Yale University Press, New Haven and London. Copyright © 1988 Yale University.
Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible; 1890, Dr. James Strong.
Vermes, G. 1962. The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English. Penguin Press: pgs. 448-458.
Dr. James West, Online Course B454, Quartz Hill School of Theology, www.theology.edu/hosea/hosea06.htm, 2002; Quartz Hill School of Theology, 43543 51st Street West; Quartz Hill, CA 93536; Special thanks to Don Patterson and Quartz Hill School of Theology.
Wise, Abegg, Cook. 1990. Dead Sea Scrolls: A new Translation. Harper Collins Publishers: pgs. 74-85.
Yadin, Y. 1957. The Message of the Scrolls. Simon and Schuster: pgs. 145-148.